Fes, Morocco’s Imperial City

March, 2011

Lose yourself in antiquated winding alleys whilst you crisscross your way along one of Morocco’s vibrant imperial cities, fabulous Fes.

Fes, Morocco, AfricaTravel

If you are heading by train to Fes (also known as Fez) from Marrakech, then your trip is straight-forward and comfortable.

The train to Fes takes just over seven hours: ONCF train schedules.

Moroccan trains are easy to catch, safe, cheap, and generally run on time. In Marrakech, take a Petite Taxi to the Grand Railway Station.

During your journey to Fes, you traverse through lovely rolling green hills, out-of-town ghettos, and diverse vistas.

Locals eye us up and down whilst in the train. I am not sure whether this is a disapproving glance, boredom, or just intrigue.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Rooftop glimpse


Immerse yourself in medieval history as you succumb your way into a Moroccan lifestyle.

Charming Fes does not disappoint, with its towering surrounding walls extending for almost sixteen kilometres (ten miles).

Founded in 789 by Idris, the Arab ruler responsible for founding the Idrisid dynasty, the city comprises two old medina quarters: Fes el Bali and Fes Jdid. Together with its modern Ville Nouvelle urban area, which dates back to only the French Colonial era, visiting Fes feels as if you are in three towns, not one.

The stark contrast between the two alluring medinas and the modern quarter is like stepping between two opposing countries.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Watching you…
Fes, Morocco, Africa
Beast of burden – a donkey’s life

Decided to forgo the leather tanneries for which Fes is famous. Not only does controversy surround workers’ conditions at tanneries, but coupled with toxic fumes and quite a touristy tour, are some of the reasons for the forfeit.

I am sure it would be interesting seeing the colourful vats ready for tanning, but there is enough leather transported across town to get my leather fix.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Helping hand

Nevertheless, this underrated city offers much history, incredible architecture, and amazing sight-seeing, so push on we did, for the few days in Fes, exploring everything we could in such a short time.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Alleyway banter – love these scenes

It is not uncommon to see a vendor set up a tiny table with twenty or so Pastillas (Moroccan pie) out of a cardboard box, or an elderly farmer selling his freshly-picked vegetables, laid out with artistic precision across a brightly coloured blanket.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Pastilla vendor

Everyone is selling something here whether it is around a corner, down an alleyway, a tiny hole in the wall, or along a narrow street.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Tiny material stall

Listen to the tones of stonemasons and craftsmen chiselling and hammering away endlessly, creating another timeless masterpiece as they work intently in a world, far-removed from any surrounds.

Stone engraver, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Stone engraver (Ilford 35mm B&W film)

Fes El-Bali

As the oldest walled part of Fes earning a UNESCO World Heritage Site listing, things of note also are that Fes El-Bali has the oldest functioning university in the world, which was founded in 859. And is also renown as the ‘biggest car-free urban area in the world’. Not an exaggeration at all, when you meander amongst this expansive urban pedestrian zone, sharing the space with not only locals but donkeys, mules, and the occasional camel. Don’t be frightened of losing yourself in this dense medina, as I am sure this also happens to locals.

The passage of time has not interrupted the hub of activity that encircles the medina, making this a visual delight and memorable experience in which to linger.

Fes el Bali Medina, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Fes el Bali Medina and its walls of time
Fes el Bali Medina, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Orange artisan

Spend days wandering and getting lost amongst the Medina’s 10,000-plus rustic twisting alleyways and maze of narrow streets, whilst seeking mosques, palaces, and fountains.

You will constantly look up at the beautifully carved wooden or stone ancient buildings hidden around every corner.

This area of Fes is much lovelier and cleaner than outside its walls, where a more modern Fes awaits with noisy cars and fast foods. Inside however, you are constantly hassled with: “Where you from?” – a little tiring after a while. But if you need an English-speaking guide, there are plenty of young locals about, for only a few dirhams.

Market, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Souk shopping – stunning timber ceiling

Tip: If you bargain hard at the Souk, you can pick up a few cheaper items such as a memory cards and camera batteries, for one-third of the cost of what I paid in Australia. The initial starting price is always the tourist price.

Moroccan Zellij

Enjoy the striking and gorgeous Moroccan Zellij (mosaic), which uses hand-cut tiles from the hills around Fes to adorn many Riads, mosques, archways, and architecture.

Dating back to the 10th century in North Africa and Andalusia, this antiquated craft is not only distinguished by a complex mathematical geometry, but also an extraordinary use of the colour palette.

Each clay tile is painstakingly cut by hand into small individual pieces, resembling a jigsaw puzzle. Great concentration, artistic ability, but also a sense of order and patience are required to assemble the final design.

Purchase souvenir pieces of Zellij in the many Souk stalls, but I’m not so sure whether these pieces are authentic.

Zellij, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Moroccan masterpiece
Zellij, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Adorned archways
Zellij, Fes, Morocco, Africa
Up close and personal

Kairaouine Mosque

The opulent Kairaouine Mosque also the University of al-Qarawiyyin and reputed as the oldest functioning university in the world, is stunning with intricate carving and elaborate mosaics – a delight to absorb. Such craftsmanship perhaps a dying art in modern Morocco.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Ornamented entrance

This is an immensely peaceful place and as long as you are wearing the correct attire, you can peek inside. Escape the heat during the summer with the internal thick walls of the mosque, although today is anything but warm outside.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Internal coolness


The pre-booked first night’s accommodation is with the Ibis Hotel and only 100 metres from the station, as the train arrives later in the evening – if all goes to schedule.


The type of room is just as any Ibis Hotel chain room in the world: clean, comfortable, and small. Adequate for one or two nights.

At night, the train station area seems seedy and grotty with loads of small groups of males walking the streets.

Be prepared to be hassled along the restaurant strip close to the station. Touts vie for your business at the abounding restaurants, which all seem to serve the same meals at the same price.

Fatima’s Riad

Checked into Fatima’s Riad within the Medina’s walls, for the next couple of nights.

A lovely huge room awaits with plenty of hot water in a gorgeous royal blue mosaic-tiled bathroom. The icy room however, is marginally warmer than outside.

Fatima (owner) convinced us to have her special dinner one night, which although expensive at MAD$150pp compared to other prices advertised in restaurants, the food is wonderfully scrumptious. You have to splash out sometimes, right?

Make sure you ask for a price anytime you take a taxi, get washing done, or any other services, which saves a lot of frustration and angst. You will get stung here if you forget to ask as after all, you are a tourist.

Leaving Fes

After a couple of busy days in Fes exploring this beautiful city, it is time to move on, and make our way north.

The next destination to explore is to another imperial city: Meknès.

Visit Nilla’s Photography for more global images. More posts on Morocco.

Fes, Morocco, Africa
Wise (Ilford 35mm B&W film)

40 responses to “Fes, Morocco’s Imperial City”

  1. Mark D Avatar

    Nicely written, Nilla. Brought back a flood of sights, sounds, smells from the 3 months I lived in the Fez Medina in ‘09.

    Enjoyed this post 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thanks Mark. 🙂
      Wow, 3 months in Fez would have been amazing and a little quieter back in ’09, I would imagine. How long were you in Morocco in total and were you working or travelling?

      1. Mark D Avatar

        It was a summer during Uni days. Did some volunteering and studied Arabic. I had a place near Bab BouJeloud Gate in the medina. Slept under the stars on the rooftop every night and indulged on fresh flat bread, olives and goat cheese daily…those were the days

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Sounds like an incredible 3 months. Do you remember any Arabic and would you return to Morocco?

      3. Mark D Avatar

        I would return in a heartbeat, especially if I could find work there 🙂 I think all my Arabic, however, is long gone…

      4. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        You should look for work there – I’m sure the language would surface again from the dark crevices of your mind! 😉

  2. Puzzles of the Soul Avatar

    Beautiful post amazing photos created a good atmosphere of being there. Would love to visit and now I have had a taster thank you.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you for your kind feedback and I’m so happy that my post has inspired you to travel to Morocco – my work is done here… 😉

      1. Puzzles of the Soul Avatar

        Morocco is on my to do list. Thanks

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Cool 🙂

  3. gaiainaction Avatar

    Absolutely wonderful! The photos do give a glimpse of life there and I just love everyone of them.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you for your kind feedback and glad you enjoyed a glimpse into the lives of Fes’ locals.

  4. narasimhansrikanth Avatar

    Very vivid information about Morocco felt like I was part of your tour 👍🤝

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you and so glad you could come along the tour with me. 🙂

      1. narasimhansrikanth Avatar

        Thank you next time perhaps 🤝

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Yes, too many places to see and only a lifetime to do it all in…

      3. narasimhansrikanth Avatar

        Yes the road never ends and we always travel in our lifetime !!

      4. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Indeed it doesn’t and travel as long as we physically can is my motto in life – ‘we’re a long time dead’ as they say. 🙂

  5. da-AL Avatar

    Love this so much I just reblogged it to my site – hope you enjoy how it looks there, Nilla, & it brings lots of new eyes here 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you, I’ll check it out! 🙂

  6. da-AL Avatar

    Reblogged this on Happiness Between Tails by da-AL and commented:
    Guest Blog Post: “Fes, Morocco’s Imperial City,” in Nilla’s exact words

    Stunning world photography is the cornerstone of each of fellow blogger Nilla’s post. Here she takes us to Fes, Morocco…

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Many thanks for the reblog – much appreciated Da-al! 🙂

  7. Velvet Underground Taipei Story Avatar

    The picture of stone engraver just remind me the Nestorian Stele and another chinese art “zhuanke” (seal engraving)…Within a stone many voices from the world can be heard. (Of course, Zellij too.)

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Beautiful words. I had to look up Nestorian Stele and Zhuanke – I’ve learnt from you, thank you. 🙂

  8. Christie Avatar

    Nice posts about Morocco, Nilla! Would you go back?

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi Christie, yes as I think there are still many places to visit. We were there for a whole month before heading to South America and although we saw a lot (more posts to come), I’m sure there are more places to see independently. After the month, I did get tired of the haggling and badgering.
      Have you visited Morocco?

      1. Christie Avatar

        Nope, I have not visited Morocco – yet:) – I find it mesmerizing. I’m still dreaming at the day when I can afford to be a full time traveler LOL
        Cheers, have a nice weekend!

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        I’m sure you’ll get there and when you do, you’ll have an amazing time.

        Ah well, that takes some saving up. I’m trying to set myself up as a digital nomad as it’s becoming so much more popular these days – haven’t succeeded yet. 😉

  9. Patty Avatar

    Fantastic travel rapport again, dear Nilla.
    I for one, are not good at bargain…somehow, it never felt right to do so.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you.
      Ha, ha Patty, it’s something you ‘learn’ how to do as in our culture, this isn’t the ‘norm’. x

  10. LuLu B - Calabrisella Mia Avatar

    Morroco has always intrigued me, although I can’t pinpoint exactly why! I would definitely love to visit it one day!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      I would suggest a month’s stay if not longer to get a good feel of the country.
      Stay tuned, more posts to come yet. 😉

  11. the eternal traveller Avatar

    This is another fascinating place to add to our list, and your photos make it all look wonderful. I would be drawn into that little fabric stall for sure, and all the fresh food would also be tempting.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Everything is tempting in Fes – too much to see and do in Morocco. 🙂

  12. Suzanne et Pierre Avatar

    Lovely images and story. We didn’t make it to Fes (or the North for that matter) so it will be for our next visit. Thanks for the tour in the meantime.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you and happy to help you for your next tour 😉

  13. Empty Nest Adventures Avatar

    Great post and lovely photos. We will be there in Sept. for the first time and this has made me even more excited!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Cool, I’m glad it has and you’ll have a ball. Not sure if you’ve seen a couple of my other posts on Morocco. I have a few more to write yet.

  14. idjourneys Avatar

    Beautiful places! Thanks for sharing!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you, it’s a beautiful country! 🙂

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