Bolivia’s Surreal Salar de Uyuni

July, 2011

Imagine a place that is so surreal that when you arrive, you feel as if you are in a dreamlike trance. Bolivia’s expansive salt flats, Salar de Uyuni is such a place…

Immersing yourself in this incredibly stunning natural region will leave you feeling insignificant, whilst admiring the staggering beauty that confronts your eyes – you can’t but help to contemplate life.

Salar de Uyuni, Tupiza, Bolivia, South America

Getting to the Salar

The easiest way to travel through the Salar (salt flat in Spanish) is from the city of Uyuni or from Tupiza.

You have to remember, there isn’t a road across the Salar, so a 4WD is required. Guides navigate using surrounding mountains as the Salar is near the crest of the Andes.

Crossing the border from Argentina to Bolivia and on to Tupiza, decided to book our tour from Tupiza.

4WD Tours

Firstly, there are several pros and cons for you to consider when booking a tour from Tupiza or Uyuni.


  • Longer distance to the Salar – tours are typically 3 to 4 days
  • Higher prices
  • Tours take into account gorgeous lakes, volcano, and surrounds
  • Salar is saved until the last day, which is great


  • Prices are more competitive as there are more operators
  • More options for bespoke tours as the Salar can be reached in only one day

As we did a half-day tour around the Cordillera de Chicas with Tupiza Tours, also booked the 4-day Salar tour with this agency. This tours offers sights such as a Tunupa volcano (5,100 metres), springs, lakes, and pink flamingos.

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America
Spot the sheep

About Salar de Uyuni

The world’s largest salt flats stretches across 10,582 square kilometres and is 3,656 metres above sea level, with a few metres deep of salt crust covering this area.

The unique flatness was formed through ‘transformations between several prehistoric lakes’.

When covered with a little water, the flatness provides perfect symmetry, which makes it difficult to distinguish the sky from the earth – it feels as if you’re wedged inside a serene painting, whilst moving across the flats.

Isla Incahuasi, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America

The tour

Delayed by one day due to the company’s inability to source enough petrol for the 4WD, this is not a good start.

Finally, after reassurance that the snow would not affect the tour, the four of us set off with Eduardo (driver/guide) and our cook – neither spoke English.

Day 1

After a couple of hours of driving whilst ascending through arid but incredible scenery, along one of Bolivia’s highest roads at over 4,700 metres: San Antonio de Lípez, we are advised of another setback.

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America

Worsening weather may see Day 2 cancelled.

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America
More vistas

No signs of worsening weather just yet…

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America
The road…

And then we climb higher and snow starts to set in with the bitter cold – unpredictable at this altitude.

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America
Humble abode

San Antonio de Lípez

A pact with the devil for wealth through the mines was made, which saw inhabitants of San Antonio de Lípez’s not fulfilling their promise.

This caused the death of all the mines’ workers and triggered the town’s abandonment, as remaining locals saw ghosts and strange occurrences. Fact or fiction?

San Antonio de Lipez, Bolivia, South America
San Antonio de Lipez ghost town

Driving around for the rest of the day and not seeing the promised gorgeous blue and green lakes in the Abaroa Reserve, or the volcano, we divert to a tiny village near San Cristobal.

Here, we meet four travellers from the other Tupiza Tour 4WD. They’re not happy either and want to return to Tupiza.

Bolivia, South America
First night’s accommodation – unfinished building site

All eight of us are sharing one room for the night, which funnily enough has eight single beds – just like a youth hostel.

The two chefs get together to cook the tribe a meal of what can only be described as gristly meat and vegetables. Whilst chewy but tasty, we’re told the meat is Llama.

Janet the other tour guide explained that we would try to go south in the morning. If this isn’t possible, we would instead start heading towards the salt hotel and the Salar.

Throughout today, Eduardo’s continual ‘Todos bien?’ (all good?) became quite grating as no, it is not all good.

Day 2

A new day begins – hopefully some luck today.

San Cristobal de Lipez

Stopping in San Cristobal the windiest place of the Altiplano, we stretch our legs and look around before continuing.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
Pretty church

The original San Cristobal is nearly 17 kilometres away.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
San Cristobal local

The town was moved back in 1998 after a mining consortium discovered a silver field under San Cristobal, and 350 inhabitants were also moved after accepting remuneration.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America

Continuing to drive around aimlessly to small villages today, it feels as if we are just filling up hours.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
Open vastness…

I’m sure we could have seen these villages on our own and for much cheaper.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
Village life

Salt Hotel

We arrive at the Salt hotel mid-afternoon and move into our salt pedestal beds.

Salt hotel, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Hotel’s keeper of salt

This hotel is made from cut salt blocks, including its tables, chairs, walls, and roof. Of course, many travellers instantly feel the urge to lick the walls!

Salt hotel, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Salty dining room

It is only now that we are told about the water covering the salt flats and that we may not be able to cross the flats. Offered a day with additional sights to compensate for not seeing scheduled sights, the offer is soon retracted a few hours later. Instead, we’re advised we are to drive straight to the city of Uyuni tomorrow. Disappointing.

Again, a lack of petrol is the excuse due to the ‘hard driving conditions’, followed by the familiar: todos bien?

Cacti, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
We explore the hotel’s surrounds – 9,000-year-old cacti

More salt to the wounds (no pun intended), we are not taken to the salt causeway to see the sunset. Although 7 other carloads including the other Tupiza Tour car managed, our 4WD doesn’t have enough petrol.

Day 3

Waking before sunrise and with sleepy eyes, everyone piles into the 4WD once more for the finale.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
To the unknown…

Driving across the Salar is remarkable and watching the sun rise over the Salar leaves me speechless.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Impossible hues

Clicking away instinctively, knowing that this will probably be the last time I ever see this…

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Transitioning palette

Everyone is floored at the staggering and imposing developing vista, which unfolds with every hour.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Crouching tiger

The past two days are quickly forgotten as we move through another world that is constantly changing, and does not belong to earth.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Perplexing – photographer’s eye

Isla Incahuasi

Reaching Incahuasi Island (also Fish or Cactus island) in the middle of the salt flats and covered with giant cacti, this is the highest point of the Salar at 3,656 metres.

Climbing to Pachamama’s (earth mother) shrine for the 360-degree panoramic views of the Salar, the horizon is infinite.

Isla Incahuasi, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Cactu Milenario – millenary cactus

Incahuasi was used by the Incas as a resting place, whilst crossing the lake with Llamas ladened with goods, heading to Chile and beyond to trade. The border is 150 kilometres away.

Isla Incahuasi, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Cave glimpse – Incahuasi’s coral cave

Set on the remains of a volcano, Incahuasi proves that this vast area was once a sea full of life, as the island contains remains of seashells and corals, in its basalt and solid rocky formation.

Colchane Salt Mine

Driving the rest of the Salar and on to Uyuni, we stop at the Colchane salt mine for a quick look.

Salt mine, Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Corrosive work

Bolivian men start at 4am to work the salt mine, which ends up as table salt in Brazil – this salt is the best in the world.

Antique train cemetery

The final stop is around 3 kilometres from Uyuni to the intriguing train cemetery.

With the train line’s construction commencing in 1888 and lasting 4 years, the belief that Bolivia would flourish with a good transport system was soon quashed, with indigenous people constantly sabotaging the line. Locals believed the line was intrusive.

Train cemetery, Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Rusted relic

Mostly mining companies used the trains until the industry’s collapse in the 1940s, when trains were abandoned, and now a cemetery for tourists.

Train cemetery, Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Local children love to play at the cemetery

Salar de Uyuni – should you go?

It’s impossible to get your head around at just how unbelievably magical and dazzling the Salar is…eyes moisten as you gasp at this perplexing phenomena.

The kaleidoscope of dynamic and constantly changing colours during a sunrise, mirrored over the few centimetres of water covering the endless flatness, is ethereal.

This mystical place defies your eyes.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Flags representing visitors from around the world

At daybreak, the glaring whiteness bounces and beams around you – wear sunglasses as you can suffer from headaches or worse still, sun blindness.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia, South America
Jigsaw daze

If you’re in two minds about going, then don’t hesitate any longer – this is one experience you will definitely treasure throughout your life.

Tour feedback

Although the terrain and weather will determine what you eventually see on this tour, which can vary at a moment’s notice, overall, this tour could of been handled better.

Promised an English-speaking guide, which didn’t happen, communication was almost non-existent as our Spanish is basic.

The petrol saga was a tad unbelievable, as is the excuse of the terrain for a 4WD.

Tupiza Tours did offer a 50% refund as our tour was cut from 4 to 3 days and we didn’t see all the sights. The company advised that their La Paz office would provide the refund since we are not returning to Tupiza.

The tour is a once in a lifetime experience, which money cannot replace.

2018 Update

Feel the 4-day experience with this short video from Seven Cinematics of an April 2018 tour. The Salar is around 2:16 minutes into the video.

With worse conditions and more snow in July, perhaps April would have been a better month.


Resting in Uyuni long enough to book another bus out, it’s an easy walk around this very dry city.

As a trading post and founded in 1890, not a lot of travellers stop here for any length of time, but mostly as a jump point to book tours for the Salar.

Leaving for Potosí

With heads full of incredible Salar memories and the 4-hour bus booked, it’s time to check out one of the highest cities in the world: Potosí.

Visit Nilla’s Photography for more images. More posts on Bolivia at Image Earth Travel.

San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
Andean local
San Cristobal, Bolivia, South America
Somewhere near San Cristobal

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54 responses to “Bolivia’s Surreal Salar de Uyuni”

  1. Len Kagami Avatar

    Wow! The salt lake is truly surreal. It looks like you are walking on an endless mirror 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      This region of Bolivia is incredibly stunning and I’d love to return. 🙂
      Hope you get there one day…

  2. Powerofhappy Avatar

    Amazing photos, this was on my list when I visited Cuzco in May this year but took it off the list for the Amazon. But hopefully one day I’ll visit.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Many thanks for your feedback.
      What a shame but then again, we can’t see everything whilst travelling and often it’s a very difficult choice if you’re stuck for time.

      I’ll be writing about Cusco and the Salkantay trek in the next few posts, so stay tuned…

  3. The Viandanti - travel experiences by Danilo and Hanna Avatar

    I must go back during the wet season 😁 in the meantime time we dream.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      I really want to return to Bolivia, plus there are still a few countries to explore on that continent yet…

  4. BIGtinyWorld Avatar

    This is definitely on our bucket list! I love the pictures of the people and definitely the reflections here.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you for your feedback. It’s a stunning region of Bolivia – you’ll love it…

  5. TheFiestaPlanner Avatar

    Bucket list destination! Beautiful!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      This is one place that everyone should see in their lifetime. 🙂

  6. adventuresdelagringa Avatar

    Amazing photos! Uyuni is on my list of places to go. I appreciate your feedback about the tours, I’ll definitely pull your post up again when I do plan my trip 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you. Cool, hope my post gives you some tips. 🙂

  7. fancypaperblog Avatar

    I have actually been here. it was ten yeara ago but nothing has changed! even the building site accomodation. it was a pretty unbelievable experience. we took a bunch of trick photos- lots of fun. thank you for the reminders!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi, you’re very welcome and glad I could remind you of your trip.
      This was from a trip in 2011 so not long after you went. We did the trick photos also, but didn’t share them in this post.

  8. Anindya Avatar

    Excellent post and stunning pictures as always Nilla…..your stories come alive in your posts….fascinating to read and know about the salt flats of Bolivia….the place looks like straight from the pages of some fantasy books……but amazingly real…

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you, it’s a incredibly beautiful part of Bolivia and glad I could introduce you to the Salar.

      1. Anindya Avatar

        Sure it is… are welcome

  9. Patty Avatar

    This time I can’t choose between the ‘people’ photo’s and the ‘environment’ photo’s. Beautiful. All of them. XxX

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you Patty. It’s a beautiful part of Bolivia. x

  10. Constant Explorers Avatar

    Bolivia has always been on my bucket list! Absolutely beautiful shots… well done!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you and hope you get to travel to this amazing country. I have more posts coming out on Bolivia, followed by Peru.

  11. gillmorris Avatar

    What an incredible place Nilla! The tour looks amazing 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      I’m introducing you to all these incredible places Gill. Your bucket list is getting longer. 😉

      1. gillmorris Avatar

        It certainly is! 🙂

  12. seeking wonderful Avatar

    Stunning photos! It must have been a really amazing trip overall. Some challenges are just a part of the whole experience, but it is good that we also talk about some minuses not just pluses. 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you for your feedback and yes, I always try and give a ‘real’ account of what can happen. 🙂

  13. carryonroaming Avatar

    Incredible photos!!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you – the Salar is an incredible place!

  14. Puzzles of the Soul Avatar

    Fabulous photography the scenery is almost unbelievably stunning. Salt does have the effect of creating a dream like state of being, it is very purifying. You write very honestly about your experiences which is good to know, it not always the perfect journey when travelling. You captured the peacefulness of the place. Thanks for the share Blessings

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi, thank you for your great feedback and so glad you enjoyed this post and photos. Just as the sea is purifying also.

      I will always give a true account whether good or bad of my travel experiences. Sometimes it goes smoothly and other times it doesn’t – that’s travelling. 🙂

  15. Irene Avatar

    Speechless about the beauty … and your marvelous account in this post!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you Irene! The salt flats do leave you speechless! Please feel free to share my post to let others know about this wonderful tour. 😉

  16. kutukamus Avatar

    What a beautiful serenity.. (PS: Love that map-like coral cave shot/angle) 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      It certainly is a place of serenity.

      The only post-production in that shot (and other shots) is horizon straightening as I have a problem with my eyes. So, this is what I saw and not ‘created’. Glad you like the shot. 🙂

  17. Roi Bailey Avatar

    Reblogged this on NCBI and commented:
    Bolivia is a country in central South America, with a varied terrain spanning Andes Mountains, the Atacama Desert and Amazon Basin rainforest. At more than 3,500m, its administrative capital, La Paz, sits on the Andes’ Altiplano plateau with snow-capped Mt. Illimani in the background. Nearby is glass-smooth Lake Titicaca, the continent’s largest lake, straddling the border with Peru.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Many thanks for the re-blog Roi. 🙂

  18. the eternal traveller Avatar

    Friends of ours did this trip and they loved it too.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Excellent, did they do the one day or 4-day tour?

      1. the eternal traveller Avatar

        That I don’t know. It was part of a longer trip in South America.

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        No problem. A long trip is the only way to see South America, not only for its sheer size, but it offers so much to a traveller. I need to return. 😉

  19. KD Avatar

    Absolutely amazing. The salt flats is one of the places I would love to see with my own eyes as well. Such an incredible phenomenon. Gorgeous photos once again!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you! It’s such a stunning area – hope you do get to see the Salar. 😉

  20. frejatravels Avatar

    one world….. it is a wow… the landscape and the photos are soo beautiful. It is one of the country I would like to visit but I am afraid with the altitude sickness since I had that when I was in Tibet last time.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you. 🙂 It’s a shame to miss this beautiful region. I would love for everyone to see the Salar.

      May be you can slowly acclimatise before you get there, which makes it much easier. We did the same for the 5-day Salkantay trek to Machu Picchu, staying in Cusco for a week before starting the trek.

      I would love to travel to Tibet…

  21. Valerie Cullers Avatar

    Wow…what an extraordinary place! Great post and pictures!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thanks Valerie, it is stunning!

  22. Suzanne [globalhousesitterX2] Avatar

    Sounded like a challenging trip. I wonder if it is the same today? Most probably not.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Maybe we can say that most of the challenging trips are the best? 😉

      The video that I included is from this year and does look as if the 4-day trip is still pretty much the same. The salt flats will always be this spectacular and hope Bolivia’s government doesn’t do anything foolish to this region.

      1. Suzanne [globalhousesitterX2] Avatar

        If money is to be gained then they won’t change unless the govt can get more from another source than tourism. The older I get the less challenging the better or I should say less hassle, luxury comforts 😊

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Bolivia is a country rich with minerals that foreign mining companies happily reap benefits from…so, it’s still one of the poorest countries in South America. It’s tragic to see how poor Bolivians are and I will never understand how bigwigs of these corporations sleep at night – no scruples.

        I know what you mean about creature comforts and luxuries. 😉

      3. Suzanne [globalhousesitterX2] Avatar

        The Bigwigs see figures and the company structure growth not at ground level.

      4. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Exactly, quite tragic.

  23. emmanathantravels Avatar

    What absolute mesmerising, magical, stunning (and a million other adjectives) photos from your trip. Despite setbacks, what you were able to capture with your camera is simply
    Epic. Thank you for sharing once again!!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi thank you for your feedback!

      If you can, you guys should do this trip, it’s just incredible! 🙂

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