Peru: Incredible Colca Canyon 3-day Trek

August, 2011

Everything you need to know about a 3-day/2-night trek in the incredible Colca Canyon whilst in Peru – an experience you will never forget.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South AmericaWhere is Colca Canyon?

I have to be honest and admit that I had never heard of the Colca Canyon, until arriving in Peru.

As with many fantastic activities in a country, learned whilst on the road and via the travellers’ jungle wire, this is how we initially heard about the Colca. And, also one of the reasons we stayed in Arequipa for a while.

About the Colca

Spectacular Colca Canyon is one of the deepest canyons in the world and twice as deep as the Grand Canyon. Measured from the highest peak to the base at 3,270 metres (10,730ft), the Colca sits in the middle of two volcanos – Coropuna at 6,450 metres and Ampato at 6,380 metres.

Tip: This trek is classed as intermediate so you do need a level of fitness, as the last day is arduous.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
You see these pre-Inca terraces on Day 3 of trek

Organising a trek

Arequipa is the best base to organise a trek to Colca and an abundant of agencies offer similar experiences. Just make sure you check every detail offered.

Decided on Peru Zuiza as the price is a little cheaper and promised a smaller-sized group of around six people, plus a guide.

This is a packed three-day/two-nights, which also takes in El Mirador de Condores – the lookout to see majestic Condors. I am beyond excited!


  • For the fitter guys, you can squeeze this trek into two-days/one-night, but spending an extra day is kinder to your body and you also absorb more of your surrounds.
  • You can trek the Colca independently starting from Cabanaconde. Just depends on whether you want to do a trek, or learn about the area whilst trekking.

What to expect – a memorable experience

A quick wrap-up sees you trekking on the first day for around 3½ hours, the second day for 4½ hours, and the last day for around 3 hours.
Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Day 1

With a minibus pick-up from the hostel at around 3 am, we then connect with another bus.

Looking as if I’ve just been dragged out of bed backwards, we find a seat on the bus amongst other bleary-eyes and sleeping bodies.

Not much sleep is possible on the bus once out of Arequipa. Peru is very mountainous, with many swerving bends, as we travel the three hours to Chivay for a breakfast of toast, jam, and lots of coffee.

Making our way to popular El Mirador de Condores – the lookout platform at the canyon’s 700-metre drop – as hoping for a spot of Condor watching.

It’s hit and miss whether any will show. We’re in luck.

Watching fixated, as these stunning and majestic creatures soar around us before drifting effortlessly in the thermal updrafts, navigating by feel. A serenity befalls the condors that can only be described as surreal and ethereal.

Condor, Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Incredibly, these birds can live for more than 100 years and remain monogamous for life. Tales of even committing suicide when a partner dies are rife – condors simply stop moving their wings and crash into the ground, but I can’t confirm this either way.

Dropped off to the trek’s starting point at Cabanaconde, tour groups are separated and six of us meet our local guide Yudy, to start the steep zigzag descent, down into the canyon.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
Photo credit: Jacinthe Marcotte

Not long into our trek before Yudy points out a condor’s nesting area high up in the cliffs.

Again, we are in luck when one of these magnificent creatures swoops down whilst we stop dead in our tracks, awestruck. So close is the condor that a soft breeze and the sound of its wings spanning more than a metre across, touches my face. Obviously guarding a nest, he was letting us know of his presence.

Condor, Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

On we continued after the condor left. The zigzag path you see to the base of the canyon is what haunts us for the last day’s trek.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Very dry and arid this time of year, the terrain is dusty and gravelly and prone to slipping.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

My legs scream that the canyon is sucking us into its bowels, the deeper we descend – exaggerating? Perhaps a tad, but it’s not easy and the canyon’s profundity is thrilling.

Dramatic craggy mountain ranges surround our world whilst we wander through this moonscape, with vistas nothing short of staggering.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Passing indigenous plants, which locals still rely on for medicinal and other purposes, we learn that the canyon is not barren after all, during the wet season. And abounds in papaya, peaches, lúcuma, mango, figs, cactus fruit, squash, and Andean corn.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Finally reaching the Rio Colca at the base of where the canyon formed, we cross the suspension bridge until walking uphill for another half-hour to the village of San Juan de Chuccho – home for today.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Trust me when I say, that my legs are trembling and it’s now time for a rest, after a descent from 3,300 to only 2,100 metres.

Meals and accommodation are basic but adequate, and a reflection of the trek’s cost. There is only one toilet and shower, so cuing is common.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
Photo credit: Jacinthe Marcotte

Day 2

With a much more leisurely and civilised start to the day, today’s trek is to several local villages to learn more about the Andean culture, medicinal plants, and absorb more breathtaking scenery.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Tomorrow’s path still follows us around the canyon…

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Protected by the mountainous range at the back of the canyon, visiting Cosñirhua and Malata villages (2,600 metres) is fun but also intriguing.
Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
Pagan and Christian fusion…
Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
A mock wedding between two of our trekkers in front of the church is pretty cool also…

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Yudy takes us to her relative’s house where we savour freshly made juices from local exotic canyon fruit before berry hunting, then demonstrating how locals cultivate the earth still using ancient tools.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Continuing our walk through more gorgeous canyon vistas, we arrive to our second home and an oasis at the canyon’s base.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Free to spend the rest of the afternoon either swimming in the pool or resting the ‘ole legs, Yudy prepares our evening meal, so it’s only right that we help. Many tour groups are staying here, so there’s a hype of activity.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Day 3

Hearing so much about today’s arduous climb and also seeing the path zigzag up the mountain for the last couple of days, we’re up at 4 am and without breakfast. This is mainly to beat the sun’s blaring heat, especially at this altitude.

Donning our head torches and in single-file, we start walking along the narrow dirt track in the dark, with only the chill of the canyon and the quiet voices of other trekkers as company.

We begin the ascent.

Depending on fitness level, this part of the trek can take from 2 to 4 hours. It’s straight up for 5 kilometres with extremely steep switchbacks. Trekking groups start at staggered hours on this well-worn route.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

At times, the path becomes quite rocky and find myself scrambling across large rocks, which is difficult, especially if you’re not tall – I’m not. My partner takes to almost dragging me over the rocks, just to help me get further up the canyon.

Other fit trekkers sprint past effortlessly, followed only by dust in their trail, to remind us of how slow we are going.

I decide here and now that I am not going to be pressured into picking up the pace. I don’t want a pulled muscle, broken ankle, or worse. The only way off this mountain is by mule.

A mountain goat would feel comfortable on this path.

You can hire a mule to take you the whole way to the summit. Locals do climb up in the hope that a trekker will succumb to altitude sickness or fatigue. I don’t feel comfortable for this poor animal, so continue the self-challenge, sweating profusely until the top – what an incredible relief!

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
Photo credit: Jacinthe Marcotte

Crossing grassland at Cabanconde and finally collapsing in a chair for breakfast, the tour isn’t over yet. Piling back into the bus…

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

…we arrive to another lookout for the amazing and expansive pre-Inca terraces, Mantequilla.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Decided to pay the extra and soak the weary burning muscles in La Calera Hot Springs – an idyllic setting surveying canyon panoramas, whilst in the natural warm springs.

On this never-ending trek, we continue on to Chivay, then the very cold and windy Patapampa Reserve.

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America
Volcano Chachani 6,075mts

Colca Canyon, Arequipa, Peru, South America

Expect to return to Arequipa between 6 to 7pm – exhausted, but incredibly humbled. The physical challenge and astounding natural beauty of the Colca, is truly memorable.

Next difficult but 5-day Salkantay trek this time leaves from Cusco to Mystical Machu Picchu, but decided to acclimatise first for a week or so in Cusco.

Tour includes

  • Transport to/from Arequipa
  • English-speaking guide (or your language)
  • Two nights in basic accommodation
  • Meals (2 breakfasts, 2 lunches, 2 dinners)

What to take

As this trek is difficult, I suggest you take a small light backpack and one that has good support straps:

  • hiking boots – your feet and ankles will love you
  • light layers of clothing (rain jacket, fleece, shorts, long pants, trekking socks, long sleeve shirt)
  • swimming costumes, flip-flops, travel towel
  • trekking pole/s
  • sunscreen, wide-brimmed hat, sunglasses
  • head or hand torch, batteries
  • water
  • basic First Aid kit with Electrolyte salts, insect repellent, wet wipes, hand sanitiser, toilet paper
  • high energy snacks (nuts, chocolate, dried fruit)
  • camera (you can only charge equipment on the second night)
  • extra cash as no ATMs (souvenirs, entrance fee to hot springs)

2018 Update

Our wonderful and amazingly fit guide Yudy, now works for her own company Peru Baby Lama. I can’t recommend Yudy highly enough to anyone thinking of doing this trek. As a local, Yudy introduces you to Andean culture and I reckon she knows the Colca like the back of her hand.

Visit Nilla’s Photography for more images. More posts on Peru at Image Earth Travel.

Much greener during the wet season, but this quick video by Yeti Adventure Films gives you a taste of the mind-blowing Colca, although the ascent on day 3 isn’t filmed.

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35 responses to “Peru: Incredible Colca Canyon 3-day Trek”



    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      True although it’s still a stunning area of Peru.
      Great to hear your thoughts on my post. 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Many thanks for the re-blog China!

  2. gillmorris Avatar

    Just amazing! You got fabulous shots of those condors! 🙂 xx

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thanks Gill!

      I don’t think they’re great shots at all and I need loads of practice for wildlife shots. I found Condors hard subjects to photograph, especially when you’re trekking! 😉 x

  3. LuLu B - Calabrisella Mia Avatar

    What an incredible experience! The fact that you even stop at a locals home is amazing!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      It was Lulu and much prefer to stop at local’s village than the selected ‘tourist’ trap, which typically, is too staged.

  4. Christie Avatar

    Congratulations, you made it!! The second photo of a condor looks great. I do really hope to be able to see them, even though no plans for doing the trek 🙂

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi Christie, thank you and it felt like I needed to be congratulated afterwards, but the self-satisfaction and achievement of climbing that last few metres and actually making it to the top, was more than enough.

      The Condors are magnificent and I could of watched them all day. 🙂

  5. whereismap Avatar

    Nice. Thanks for sharing.

  6. whereismap Avatar

    Wooow. Wow…great post and pictures! Thanks for sharing

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you and so glad you enjoyed this post.

  7. Tharun Kumar. S Avatar

    That’s fun and amazing!! You know what? I imagined myself doing all the trekking. But I am not sure if I can really climb it in a single day or two.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Yes, it was amazing and I’m sure if I did it, you could also – it’s the mind that pushes you forward. 😉

  8. thewonderer86 Avatar

    Well done for walking in and out/up and down. Looks difficult – but it’s stunning.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you – it was difficult but well-worth the experience and the spectacular vistas.

  9. Valerie Cullers Avatar

    Wow…great post and pictures! Some of those photos look like they could have been taken on the moon!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you Valerie!
      It’s such an amazing area of Peru and I’m very lucky to have experienced this trek.

  10. fakeflamenco Avatar

    Hi Nilla, Thanks for asking. Please look at
    I’m not sure what happened to the previous link. Gracias, Rebecca

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      No problem, this one works and I notice it’s a different URL.
      The link that displays when you comment is an empty site: I’ll check your other link now, cheers Nilla

  11. fakeflamenco Avatar

    Looks like the trek was well worth the effort in the photos that resulted. Great work! -Rebecca

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you Rebecca – another wonderful experience in Peru.
      I’ve gone to your blog page but I don’t see any blogs any longer. Is the link in your comment correct?

  12. neelstoria Avatar

    What an amazing trek! Just loved reading it. I so wish I could go here some day. And, scrambling across large rocks……especially if you’re not tall – oh tell me about it. I face the same situation always! The villages look stuck in time. Thank you for sharing.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Yes, it was certainly amazing and hope you get to go on this trek, which is not very expensive if you book from Arequipa – we did a more budget one. Difference is, whether it’s expensive or not, you still see the same vistas and experience the same pain. Trekking is a great leveller.

      Ah well, at least our height doesn’t stop us from doing anything. 😉

      1. neelstoria Avatar

        Haha…true 🙂
        The cost in my case will be airfare from India!
        Trekking is indeed a great leveller.

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Well then you need to stay a while, once in Peru, it’s relatively cheap to live although Bolivia is a much cheaper country.

  13. Sudha Avatar

    Wow. Just wow. It is beautiful.
    I cannot do such treks, so I have a healthy respect for those who undertake them. Enjoyed the pictures and the video. What was a bit surprising, was the stone grinders that the people there are using. Similar ones were used by our grandmothers. Though we are from far of countries, similar instruments being used was interesting.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi Sudha, thank you for your feedback and so glad you enjoyed coming along the trek with me…it is certainly a memorable experience!

      Yes, I’ve also seen this type of stone grinding in SE Asia and still used in poorer villages today – guess it’s failsafe as this method doesn’t need any electricity.

  14. TinyJeremy Avatar

    The second one.. i love it

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      I think you mean the Condor in flight? Thank you. I prefer the Condor against the cliff shot, but for me, they’re very hard to photograph and I have a lot to learn in this genre.

      1. TinyJeremy Avatar

        Yeah, it looks magnificent and it is really nice in the foggy background

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        Thank you again for your great feedback – much appreciated.

  15. TinyJeremy Avatar

    Great shot

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi Jeremy, thank you for your comment, but which photo do you think is a great shot?

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