Cosenza Day Trip: Castrovillari, Calabria

An hour’s drive north, inland from Cosenza and You’ry surrounded by the sweeping scenic Pollino and Dolcedorme mountains, until arriving in the sleepy town of Castrovillari.

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Bordering Basilicata and based at the foot of the mountains within the Pollino National Park – Italy’s largest national park – you can’t but help feel as if you’re in an amphitheatre of soaring mountains and stunning gorges.

A fleeting glimpse from within the bus…

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Castrovilliari is Pollino’s main town and lies in a natural hollow: Conca del Re, around 360 metres above sea level, whilst enveloped within the Calabrian Apennines.

Each street and lane you traverse in Castrovillari seems as if you are confronted with a steep craggy mountain in the distance – very picturesque.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

The paved tree-lined and clean streets are a pleasure to wander through whilst passing the town’s Palazzo di Città (town hall) built in 1933.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Street scenes

Quaint streets with vistas to the mountains awaits a traveller…

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

…whilst glimpsing into everyday local life.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

The clean modern minimalistic lines of the Church of Sacred Hearts opposes Castrovillari’s more aged a distinguished architecture.

Church of Sacred Hearts, Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Continue your roam around Castrovillari’s antiquated lanes and streets for more picturesque vantage points.

The small ancient Cappella di San Rocco isn’t open today and seems to be wedged between modernity…

Cappella di San Rocco, Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

The chapel’s age is not confirmed.

Occasionally, a very odd-looking manikin confronts your walk. I’m perplexed at this one’s significance, which is positioned outside of a jewellery store.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Of course, any town is not complete without the three-wheeler ‘Ape’, which is synonymous with Italy.

Ape, Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Segments of the town are perched high above a medieval wall.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Ponte della Catena’s timeworn stone arches create natural charming frames and a cool spot for a rest – but also joins the new and old towns together.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Dramatic clouds encircle buildings to paint an artist’s canvas.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Monumento ai Caduti

Situated in Piazza Indipendenza is the unique monument to the fallen, which combines unusual bronze sculptures and built in 1932 to commemorate WW1.

Monumento ai Caduti, Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Three sides of the monument are inscribed with names of the fallen, whilst on the other side of this bronze angelic figure is a large ominous eagle.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari

Completed around 1490 after almost 30 years in construction, Ferdinand I of Aragon built this impressive castle to curb a rebellious population against foreign rule.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Originally surrounded by a deep moat, sadly today only a dried up gouge of the mote exists.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Although this castle was used as a prison until 1995, it’s now open to the public.

I can’t see where to buy an entrance ticket so walk in and through the impressive gorgeous halls – I’m free to venture around the castle as I wish.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

Hailed as one of the best preserved Aragonese castles in the region, its four cylindrical towers are imposing as they are high.

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe

One tower (left in the above photo) is named the “infamous tower” due to the abhorrent punishment, which prisoners typically Brigands, endured whilst locked up in the tower’s deep dungeon. Without air, light, hope, or comfort and with the stench of rotting corpses at prisoners’ feet, the survivors described life in the tower as a “living cemetery”.

Contrasting the tower’s macabre history and high above the castle’s entrance, is a pair of juvenile figures carved in stone standing proudly…

Castello Aragonese di Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe
The Stemma D’Aragona’s inscription is a reminder of the castle’s purpose – to protect the royal family from the Castrovillaresis’ revolts.

Impromptu castle encounter

Hearing a trail of live folk accordion music in the distance, which is a little like the Calabrese Tarantella, I follow the alluring sounds around the castle’s ancient stone walls.

Stumbling upon two ragazzi (guys) and a Maestro, I don’t see any sheet music but just one accordion. Not wanting to disturb the absorbing lesson, I sit at the stairs close by watching and listening intently.

The Maestro plays his traditional music almost in a mesmerised trance, which pours effortlessly out of his head. Occasionally, an error is made and he blames this on age, before continuing to pick up from where he stumbled.

Handing the accordion over to the ragazzo, it’s his turn…and so this goes on for a while until he is able to copy the notes to the song.

Finally noticed, I’m kindly invited to sit closer and join the intimate circle of three, before the lesson continues.

Then, of course, the music stops to inquire about where I’m from and the usual ensuing questions. The teacher (Paolo Martine) has travelled up from Reggio Calabria to transfer his musical knowledge of southern Italy’s traditional ballads and to ensure that these folk songs are not lost in time forever.

A labour of love. Paolo explains what each song’s meaning is to his students whilst reciting the lyrics.

This is ‘Adelina’, which is about a man that committed murder and was sentenced to 30 years’ jail. Separated from his partner and longing for her he wrote this ballad. As the story is recited, tears well up in Paolo’s eyes. I also learn that Paolo took around 20 years to gather the exact lyrics of this song together.

A long time you say? Versus and the music were lost in time and snippets spread out over different regions, so bringing everything back into a complete ballad was very difficult.

After spending a good half-hour listening and absorbing this Calabrese music, I leave to explore more of the castle, but also so that the music lessons can continue undisturbed.

How lucky to have stumbled on such a precious moment in time.

I remember several of today’s ballads whilst growing up as my father used to play his Calabrese tapes quite often, which usually competed with my blaring Jimi Hendrix records.

Getting there

The Ferrovie di Calabria bus line travels to Castrovillari but takes longer as it stops everywhere.

Castrovillari, Calabria, southern Italy, EuropeInstead, take the comfortable IAS Scura line from platform 5 or 6 at Cosenza’s Autostationze – morning times: 06:30, 08:00, or 10:00 am.

The bus from Cosenza takes you along Rende and the university first for around 25 minutes, until heading onto the highway and finally up the winding road to the Castrovillari Autostationze.

An easy stroll from the bus station and you find yourself on Castrovillari’s broad tree-lined and paved Corso – very pleasant. You may come across the town’s coat of arms embedded in the pavement.

Castrovillari, Calabria, Italy, Europe


Bar La Creperia on Corso Giuseppe Garibaldi 111, is a great stop to sit outside and enjoy the sunshine. Enjoy an Aperol spritz whilst devouring a sweet or savoury crepe, delicious Panini, hamburger, or Gelato with friendly service.

Leaving Castrovillari

As everything shuts from around 12:00-1 pm until 4 pm, decide to take the 3 pm bus back to Cosenza, but not before having a long chat to the ticket seller at the bus station.

Locals are super friendly in this town and warmly welcome foreigners.

Don’t be put off by the stares you may encounter, as it’s just intrigue. I always stick out as a tourist, especially when wearing my big stripy hat. One of an only photo I have of this hat from a few years ago…

Hue, Vietnam, SE Asia
Photo credit: Neil Lintern

Visit Nilla’s Photography for more global images. More posts on Italy.

32 responses to “Cosenza Day Trip: Castrovillari, Calabria”

  1. cafe rule Avatar

    You need to take part in a contest for one of the highest quality websites on the
    net. I am going to recommend this site!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you for your great feedback and please feel free to share my site with friends, colleagues, and family.

  2. Mohamad Toutounji Avatar

    And your post about it is quite interesting 👍

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you Mohamad

  3. Mohamad Toutounji Avatar

    Very quiet and peaceful place

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      It is a quiet and peaceful place to wander around in and really enjoyed my day there.
      Thank you for taking the time to leave me a comment.

  4. HolisticLifeByKate Avatar

    What a beautiful, paceful place! I can imagine a walking tour just looking at these stunning photos!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi Kate, thank you for your kind feedback and yes, a walking tour would be great in Castrovillari.
      Hope you get to Calabria one day. I’ve published many posts on Italy but also Calabria.

  5. gillmorris Avatar

    Another fabulous post Nilla. Your bus photo turned out well, I usually get reflections or the window is too dirty LOL. What a lovely place surrounded by those mountains. What a great way to spend the day 🙂 xx

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thanks Gill, it was an excellent day. Love taking a bus on the spur of the moment to explore these small villages. I just wish buses were better here so I could do a weekly trip – during the winter all public transport is scaled down, even flights to Calabria are reduced. 🙂 x

  6. Dave Ply Avatar

    Surprising a place like that isn’t better known.

    Regarding the manikin, look up Betty Boop and check out a cartoon.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thanks for the link Dave.
      I remember the cartoon but not sure what the significance is outside the jewellery store. 😉

  7. ilonapulianauskaite Avatar

    Good afternoon, looks like very peaceful place and they have Betty!!!❤️

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Hi, it was but not sure if this was because I visited in autumn. Yes, a tad quirky, but Betty nonetheless. 😆

  8. karenincalabria Avatar

    Nice day trip and particularly good photo from the bus!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      It was a lovely trip Karen and thank you for your feedback. 🙂

  9. aliterarybent Avatar

    Lovely photos as usual. A timely reminder for me to venture further south on my next trip to Italy. Sadly I have never gone south of Florence. Maybe next time.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Thank you. There are many beautiful sites down here so you better venture down here before it becomes touristy. 😉

  10. the eternal traveller Avatar

    What fun to wander as you pleased. The views of the town with those mountains behind are quite lovely.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Yes, think I was very lucky and not sure that this is the ‘norm’ – had a wonderful day exploring!

  11. Valerie Cullers Avatar

    I love all the photos…but especially the coat of arms embedded in the pavement! The people know who they are and where they came from! What great history in the castle!

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      Yes, it’s a very beautiful place and don’t think it’s too touristy, but then again, it’s great to visit out os the summer months.

  12. francisashis Avatar

    Thank you so much for the beautiful post.

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      You’re most welcome and glad you enjoyed the read. 😉

  13. map195 Avatar

    looking very peaceful place

    1. Image Earth Travel Avatar

      It is a very peaceful place but not sure if it would be busy in the summer.

      1. map195 Avatar

        yup every serious tourist like quite place

      2. Image Earth Travel Avatar


      3. map195 Avatar

        nice place

      4. Image Earth Travel Avatar

        No problem, I’ll pop over to your site.

      5. map195 Avatar


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